Gamma 2 Robotics is running a robot road show this week in LA. Contact us to set up an appointment to meet the security robots, and discuss the impacts of robotics on safety and security.
We will be presenting the capabilities and the economics of adding robots to your current security tool box, and also discussing how to put a security robot to work for your company or your security clients today!
Day one went extremely well, lots of great demos and great discussions. After a hard days work, the robot took time to chill on the balcony:
Live demonstrations are the best way to see if a security robot is a good prospect for your next new security officer!
Drop me a line using this form, to set up a meeting.
Where is your robot? One of ours is waiting to meet you in Los Angeles June 16th – 19th. Call me for details and to set up a private demonstration of the security industry’s hottest new product!
The robot rolled along on its regular patrol. Down to the loading dock, through the shipping area, up and down the aisles of the warehouse that made up the bulk of its responsibility, and then along the north wall between the warehouse and the office area. The robot had already automatically adjusted its patrol route, because there were several large pallets awaiting shipment on Wednesday morning. These pallets had over $100,000 worth of custom product ready to go out to a key customer to meet a tight deadline, but the robot did not know that.
The robot also didn’t know that the loading dock door had jammed this morning. So all day the door repair guys had been hammering, welding, cutting away sections of track to get the door fixed by close of business. What nobody knew was that several chunks of red hot metal had landed in the sawdust from the packing area, and a small fire was slowly smoldering.
It wasn’t really midnight yet, but you know how the media will stretch the truth for a good headline. To be precise it was only 10:53 and 11.45 seconds. The robot is very precise.
As the robot rolled into the shipping area, the sensors of its FireWatcher™ system(1) detected an increase in combustion by-products. The robot slowed down and began to scan. Equipped with an advanced thermal sensor, it was reading 8 channels of temperature data three times a second, and it detected a slight temperature rise over by the newly repaired garage door. It quickly calculated the best path to get there and began zeroing in on the heat source.
It rolled closer, and the smoke sensors it carried started reading a level that crossed its alarm threshold. It also picked up the increased temperature , and it began detecting the combustible gasses associated with a smoldering fire. It went into fire alarm mode!
Electronic messages flew over the internet, to both the monitoring company and to Steve, the business owner. Along with the digital alarms, the robot sent video of the exact location of the small fire. Steve logged directly into the robot from his house 40 miles away, and could read the temperatures and smoke sensor levels, and see what the robot was sending in real time video. But he didn’t really need to worry about the numbers – the robot had detected a fire in the making, and he trusted the robot. The ceiling mounted smoke detectors hadn’t activated yet – it can take a while for the low levels of smoke to travel in a large warehouse. And, of course, if the fire got big enough the sprinkler systems would activate – saving the building but playing havoc with all the product on the warehouse shelves. As any professional fire fighter will tell you – the second best time to put out a fire is when it is really small. The best time is before it starts.
Steve talked with the monitoring company and they decided to activate the fire suppression system on the robot(2). While Steve sent the command to the robot, the monitoring center was coordinating with the local fire department and the trucks were on their way. The robot used its temperature sensors to position itself at the right distance from the fire, and triggered its on-board fire extinguisher. The foam doused the smoldering fire, after all it was aimed by a robot using advanced artificial intelligence to calculate the best application point. Before the fire department arrived the fire was out. As the fire trucks pulled up, the owner was on his way down to the building, and everything was under control.
So, in the end – no big headlines for the morning paper, no customer getting a call about a delayed shipment, and no need to activate the ‘business continuity’ plans. Wednesday would be just another day at work, except they were going to have a party in the break room for the robot.
Where is your robot?™ Ours are keeping lives and property safe! Learn more at Gamma 2 Robotics
(1) The FireWatcher™ system is not intended to replace any fire detection system required by local fire codes or insurance. It is an additional system that augments required systems. FireWatcher™ is an available option for all Vigilant series security robots.
(2) The fire suppression system is currently under development at Gamma 2 Robotics, and will be available soon. Subscribe to our newsletter to stay current with all the ongoing development.
It was a smallish show, as trade shows go. Only around 50,000 square feet of exhibits. It was kind of a cool show though – the Denver Mini Maker Faire. There were around 150 exhibitors, showing off bleeding-edge new technology alongside seriously retro-tech. A perfect environment for the use of autonomous mobile security robots.
The Vigilant robot wasn’t the only ‘bot there – not by a long shot. The difference was that the other robots were shut down, and would remain so until the show opened again at 9 am the next day. The Vigilant security robot was working. It was about half way through a 12 hour shift as part of the overnight security team. The facility is part of Denver’s National Western Complex, and this is the third event in the last 18 months for which Gamma 2 Robotics‘ robots have provided security. It is almost like coming home for the robots. Of course the exhibit layout was different – every show has its own layout. But it took less time to configure the robot for the new layout than it took the exhibitors to move in, so the robot was ready to roll long before the doors were locked for the night.
This morning (it’s around 2am) the robot is rolling past 3-D printers, air cannons, massive lasers, computer controlled sewing machines, CNC routers, and of course dozens of other robots; but as I said, they are here as displays, while the security robot is doing its job – mile after mile of dull patrolling. As it patrols, it scans for unexpected motion, high temperatures, boxes blocking aisles: the kinds of things that might indicate a potential problem, a potential intruder.
Last night was quiet, just like tonight will probably be. That’s one of the hardest things about the night security job. 99.9% of the time – nothing ever happens, and that is the core problem. It is really hard for people to stay focused, to stay vigilant, when there is nothing to focus on. That’s something computers and robots are good at. The Vigilant robot doesn’t care that it has been up and down this aisle every 10 minutes for the last 7 hours, or for the 12 hours last night. It still does its job of patrolling, observing, and reporting, because that is what is needed to protect lives and property.
For those of you who are numbers people, the robot patrols a 25,000 square foot area, and has four patrols configured. These range from covering the full exhibit area, down to a 5 minute detail scan of the ‘high value’ section. This area is only 8000 square feet but loaded with high tech. The robot is on duty for a 12 hour shift without needing any ‘down time’ for recharging. During its shift the Vigilant robot will travel around 8 miles. It doesn’t move fast – but it just keeps patrolling all night long: keeping its electronic sensors on all the high tech machines on display.
This show is loaded with cutting edge equipment. Between the 3-D scanners, 3-D printers, Laser engravers and loads of artwork, there is at least $250,000 worth of displays and technology here tonight. Next week it will be a different event with a different theme, but the same key problems – keeping the exhibitors and their property safe. But that is no problem for the security robot. It ‘knows’ what its job is and it just keeps patrolling, keeping things safe, Always Vigilant.
Where is your robot? Ours were at work protecting the exhibits at a major show in Denver.
Want More information about the Vigilant Security Robots? Here is our website.
We will do an educational talk about real world applications of mobile robotics in the security field – what is possible, and what is still science fiction. As experts in the field of Security Robotics we believe that it is critical to have the knowledge to separate the hype from the reality. This is key to making informed decisions about the real benefits of putting security robots to work.
We will be one session of several focusing on cutting edge technology and culminating with a presentation by the FBI on “FBI Security Technology as related to Investigations” By FBI Supervisor Patricia Sola.
So, if you are in the Kansas City area – this is the event to attend! If you are not in the KC area – you should get here for this event! Besides – we will have Gamma 2 Robotics Vigilant Mobile Security Robots on display!
Where is your robot? Ours will be invading Kansas City for the Physical Security Showcase in June!
The security robot rolled down the access tunnel at the start of its shift and began its initial patrol.
It was late on Thursday night and the stadium was quiet now. It would start to get busy again in just a few hours as the preparation for the big game on Saturday escalated. But for now, the halls, tunnels and corridors were pretty quiet. The security team had been busy during the day: checking in all the vendors, providing access to storage areas, and dealing with the thousands of little problems that crop up. But now it was quiet.
As it traveled the robot used its sensors to scan the corridor. It was looking for intruders using integrated thermal sensors and sonar, checking the air for any signs of smoke or explosive gas, and mapping the current position of any boxes, crates, or other objects left by the vendors that day.
The annual attendance at major sporting events in the US is significant; in 2005 over 277 million tickets were sold for paid events. Events like the Indianapolis 500 race can have over 200,000 fans in attendance, and college football games frequently see attendance figures approaching or exceeding 100,000 fans. Keeping these people safe is a monumental task.
Due to the expected attendance at the game, security was especially tight, and the robot had a new sensor package installed, allowing it to read the vendor’s RFID badges while on patrol, ensuring the vendors were where they were supposed to be, when they were supposed to be there. Of course, at 11:00 pm there was no expectation that any vendors would be in the stadium, nevertheless the robot diligently scanned for responses. As it worked its way under the visitor’s stands, it noted a packing crate left in the corridor. It slowed down to investigate.
To put things into perspective, about 50,000 people worked in the two towers of the World Trade Center, while nearly 165,000 attended the 2013 Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs. These events are tricky to secure since fans typically arrive very early (sometimes days in advance) and often bring vehicles loaded with the supplies and equipment for ‘tailgate parties.’
The robot compared the crate with its mental model, and determined that the crate was not present on its last patrol of the area, which meant that someone must be in the facility. It checked with the access database and found out that no vendors were supposed to be in the building. Checking with its security map detailing where the cameras were located in the stadium, it concluded that this crate was not in an area covered by a security camera. The robot’s artificial intelligence quickly evaluated the situation: a crate left behind, no one suppose to be in the facility, and no current cameras to monitor activity. All these potential problems lead to a threat assessment way above its current threshold. The security robot sent an alarm to the Security Operations Center (SOC).
One key strength of the security team is the ability to adapt to changing conditions, and to respond when potential problems are spotted. One weakness is that, generally, nothing happens. This means that the security teams need to stay focused and alert during long periods of dull, monotonous activity. People are not good at that – but robots and computers excel at diligent vigilance for long periods of time. This makes human/robot teams an ideal tool for the security tool box.
The robot received a command from the SOC to activate the optional* explosive vapor detection system and move in close to the package. After a few seconds the robot reported no indication of explosives. The SOC then directed the robot to do a fast sweep of the rest of the corridor, while the human officers raced down to the suspicious package, secure in the knowledge that it was safe to do so.
As the robot rounded the corner, its RFID reader picked up a response from a vendor tag. The tag had been discarded into a pile of trash near the wall, where it might have been swept up the following day. With the human members of the security team now at the incident site, the robot could go back to its regular patrols, keeping the stadium safe.
Where is your Robot?® Gamma 2 Robotics robots are designed to work in stadiums, arenas and other sports facilities to keep people safe.
Find out more at Gamma 2 Robotics!
* integration currently under development, not yet available
The teenager was good, there is no question about his skills. He used both his physical dexterity and his social engineering skills to the max, and ended up standing on the top of the 1,776 foot tall, iconic, World Trade Center in the New York City night.
Given the extensive symbolic value of this building, and the likelihood of it becoming a major terrorism target, we need to ask “What happened to the security?” And, perhaps more importantly, what can we do to prevent a repeat by someone less interested in accomplishment and more interested in destruction?
Unfortunately, for many aspects of the security officer’s job, people are not really suited to the tasks. Let’s look at this incident, and see what a difference a robot might make. As we know from the news reports, Justin allegedly first gained access to the site by climbing through a hole in the fence protecting the perimeter of the building site.
Failure #1: Focus
There were security officers responsible for perimeter intrusion detection, but on a complex and extensive building site things are constantly changing, and for a person that change can be overwhelming. So, slowly over time, the humans become numb to the changes, and numb to the problems. Robots, with advanced artificial intelligence, never lose focus, and are designed to track details. An outdoor security robot tasked with perimeter patrol will continuously scan 24/7 and any potential breaches are reported immediately. They will continue to be reported on every shift, until they are fixed. Robots don’t care about the weather, or how many times they have looked at that part of the fence, they Patrol, Observe, and Report every time.
In this incident, From a CNN report:
Authorities said Justin Casquejo early Sunday allegedly climbed through a 1-foot opening in a fence surrounding the still-under-construction skyscraper, past “do not enter” and “no trespassing” signs and, apparently undetected, got to the scaffolding around the building and started climbing.
Failure #2: Social Engineering
Once he climbed the scaffolding, he gained access on the 6th floor. Much of the security for operational building is focused on the ground floor and underground entrances, not a window 60 feet up the side of the building, but what happened next is a classic intrusion scheme, and it depends on people behaving like people. Then Justin allegedly put on a hard hat and walked calmly to the tower elevator and pressed the up button. When the doors opened, and he saw that the elevator was occupied, he simply stepped in, like he was supposed to be there, and pressed the button for the 88th floor.
He rode the tower lift and, according to the New York Post, donned a hardhat to appear as one of the construction workers working on site. Casquejo was reportedly allowed on the elevator up to the 88th floor by a “clueless union elevator operator” despite not having proper identification. (from International Business Times)
People see what they expect to see, we can’t help it – our brains are hard-wired to make quick judgments on little data. Perhaps, the operator of the elevator saw a young person, self assured, looking like they were on a task for their boss, and thought no more about it.
Had there been a security robot in the elevator (yes, they ride elevators just like anyone else, at least ours can) it would have detected that a person got on the elevator and immediately scanned for an ID badge. When it got no response from the RFID chip in the badge, it would have immediately sent in an alert. Robots do not make assumptions, robots always verify.
But in this case, the operator saw what they expected to see, a young worker doing his job. If they didn’t see an ID it was just because it wasn’t in sight – not that the intruder didn’t have one. So the intruder got off on 88 and climbed the stairs to the 104th floor, with just one more hurdle to jump.
Failure #3: Attention
I spent years as a security officer, and one of the biggest problems is staying attentive. Most days nothing ever happens: it is an amazingly, massively boring task to sit, 1000 feet up in a building waiting for something to happen. It is so boring that one’s attention flags, one’s thoughts wander, and that is what an intruder counts on.
The stories vary, in some reports the security guard was asleep, in other reports the guard was described as “inattentive”. In either case that guard was suffering from attention fatigue, and his guard dropped long enough for the intruder to get through.
Robots never fall asleep, security robots never become inattentive. At the first instant that the intruder’s motion was detected, the robot would have raised the alarm, and bells would have been ringing, beepers would have been beeping, and the entire security team would know that something was wrong up on the 104th floor. The robot would have provided real-time video of exactly who was there, and what they were up to. And while the human members of the security team responded to the incident, the robotic member of the team would keep feeding information to the Security Operations Center.
And we would not be reading headlines about the Teenager who outwitted the security at the New York World Trade Center, and climbed to the stars.
There are good, solid economic reasons that everyone is talking about robots taking away jobs. And there are good, solid reasons that the job of a Security Officer is near the top of everyone’s list. At Gamma 2 Robotics, we see security robots as part of the security team, the part that you can depend on to do the ‘dull, dirty, and dangerous’ tasks; and do those tasks consistently, reliably, and well. In this case, it was only a teenager proving something to himself and the world. But what if it had been someone with a far more destructive agenda?
Where is your robot? Ours are out protecting property and lives.
For more information about Vigilant security robots contact Gamma 2 Robotics.
(1) Under development at Gamma 2 Robotics
Gamma 2 Robotics is packing up robots for the upcoming ISC/W security show in Las Vegas. This is the home of what is new in security – and security robots are the future!
We will be running demonstrations of our security robots and showing off the newest modules, like our FireWatcher package for smoke and fire detection. Come by Booth 2122 and see the future of security!
If you would like a free exhibits access pass, send us a request using this form.
Where is your robot?® Ours are getting shipped to the ISC/west security show
For more information please visit Gamma 2 Robotics
Over the last six months, robots have been everywhere.
Well, not literal robots, but the news, the web, the economic journals all have been talking about robots:
- CBS News: Google buys eight robotics companies;
- CNN: Amazon promising us 30 minute delivery via robotic drone; or
- Forbes: Phew, The Robots Are Only Going To Take 45 Percent Of All The Jobs
- Bloomberg: Your job taught to machines…
Robots have caught our attention. But why, and why now?
I think we find ourselves at the corner (forgive the alliteration) of Cost, Capability, and Culture and all three of these combine to make robotics the enabler for the foreseeable future. In academic terms, they are both necessary and sufficient.
Cost is a big factor. When industrial automation was first available the cost of an arm ran as high as the equivalent of 10 years salary for an unskilled laborer. This made the payback/ROI a hard sell. Only when the cost dropped into the 2-3 year equivalent did industrial automation take off. To be fair for some specialized applications, the precision and safety were drivers, but for mainstream applications the cost was the driver.
Today, we are seeing robots being adopted outside the factory floor, and they don’t cost $250K, or even $100K – service robots are in the $20K to $75K range, due to the availability of low cost components and, interestingly, the cost savings from robotic manufacturing. So the ROI drops to 1 to 2 years for many jobs that can be automated.
That brings us to the second ‘C” Capability. Over the last 10 years there have be major strides forward in the ability of the software to control an autonomous robot alongside people. As you probably know, in industrial automation the robots are kept behind cages and wire walls – because it is not safe for people to be around them. It was in 1979 that the first human worker was killed by an industrial robot. Since then OSHA and other regulatory agencies have tightened the restriction on allowing people near industrial robots.
Today, the software and control theories have made it possible to safely interact with these robots, and the robots have enough brain power to reason about the world and complete complex tasks, such as security, bar-tending, and so on. Without the capability to do these tasks well, we, as a culture, will simply not accept them. As I have said in an earlier post “Robots must earn their pay”
So here is the final ‘C’: Culture. Over the last 20 years or so we have seen a growing acceptance of robots in the culture. More and more movies (what better indicator of cultural memes?) feature friendly robots (Wall-E, Johnny-5, R2D2, the good Transformers) instead of evil robots bent on world domination. People are starting to look at robots as helpers, assistants, and useful tools. At Gamma 2 Robotics we ask people Where is your robot?® and they are not frightened, they are excited by the prospects.
Tomorrow’s Robots Today
So all three C’s are coming together: The robots now have the capabilities to do the tasks we want them to do; the robots are becoming available at a cost point that makes it economically feasible to put them to work; and as a culture we are now looking for them to do the jobs.
We are on the cusp of major changes in how we work and how we work with robots. Google, Amazon, and Apple are all leading the way, but it is the small companies that are producing the robots that are going to change our world. Will there be hiccups along the way, yes there will. But the world of tomorrow is going to be built by robots doing the dull, dirty, and dangerous jobs.
Where is your robot?® Ours are hard at work making the world a better place.
For more information check out Gamma 2 Robotics or call +1-303-778-7400
What do you trust more, what you are told or what you actually see?
For most people the answer is simple: you trust your senses. If you look out the window and it is raining, you believe that it is raining regardless of what your spouse, your best friend, or some guy at the weather station tells you. This is a capability we develop as we mature. As kids we believed what we were told, Santa Claus, the Tooth Fairy, “This won’t hurt.” We trusted what we were told until we gained more experience, until we learned better.
This ability to trust our senses is critical in the complex, ever-changing, and uncertain environments that we think of as normal. We have to guess what is around the corner, then react quickly when we see that our guess was wrong. We make plans based our our predictions about the future and have to re-plan when we see what the situation is really like. This is how we get through the day, get through our lives.
At Gamma 2 Robotics, we build robots. Unlike an industrial robot working away tirelessly in a controlled space in a factory, our robots work alongside people in human environments. To do so they need to trust their senses. Most robots simply do what they are told to do, they don’t think, they don’t reason, they just follow orders. And they trust.
This leads to potential problems. The case of robot welder that ‘trusted’ that the space around it was clear, so it swung it’s heavy arm in an arc, killing Robert Williams in 1979; the first recorded death by robot.
At Gamma 2 value safety, and that means that our robots trust, but in the words of the late president Reagan, our robots “trust, but verify” So, if you tell one of our robots that the path in front of it is clear, and it can move forward, it will trust, but verify that there are no obstacles in the way, and verify the path dozens of times a second as it moves.
This month we added a significant capability to our robot’s skill set. It used to be that, if we were in a hurry, we could lie to our robots. We might be at a location like a conference or a trade show. And to speed things up, to make it easier for us to demonstrate a capability, we would tell the robot that it was really back in the lab. The robot would trust, and follow our instructions perfectly, even though we were not in the lab at all. That all changed this month, as we upgraded the artificial intelligence of the robots.
Now the robots look around, they compare their sensory information with the expectations of what they should see, if they were really back at the lab. And, if it is clear that we did not tell the robot the truth – the robot will not believe us, it will do its best to figure out where it really is, to prevent any unsafe behavior.
The robot will trust, but if it cannot verify – it might say “You told me we were in the lab, but we are not! You lying weasel!”
Where is your robot? Ours are keeping people and property safe!
Learn more at Gamma 2 Robotics or call +1 303 778 7400 for information.
“SciFi and Entrepreneurship – Is Resistance Futile?” One of the attendees will be a robot from Gamma 2 Robotics. The focus of the event is the close relationship between science fiction ‘predicting’ the future, and the entrepreneurs that ‘create’ the future.
As an avid reader of Science Fiction, a technologist, and an entrepreneur – I am looking forward to the discussion about how these all play together. I am especially happy that one of our advance mobile robots will be attending the conference. But not as a display or a demonstration, the robot will be an attendee.
It is not clear if the robot will be allowed to ask questions of the panelists!
Where is your robot?® Ours are expanding boundaries and protecting property and lives.
To learn more visit Gamma 2 Robotics